Articles > Dry Skin Indications 
Dry Skin Indications 
Allergic Eczema
 
When your body comes into contact with something that could make you sick, your immune system promotes chemical changes to help your body ward off disease.

Your body reacts to these substances even if they are not harmful. These substances are known as allergens. The reaction to the allergens is called allergic reaction.

An allergic reaction can take a number of forms. Some people experience difficulty breathing, coughing, burning eyes, and a runny nose.

Itchy skin rash that develops as a reaction to the allergen is called Allergic eczema. It also goes by various other names:
 
• allergic dermatitis
• contact dermatitis
• allergic contact dermatitis
• contact eczema

The allergy might not be triggered right away. In certain cases it develops after 24 to 48 hours.

Common symptoms include:

• itching
• a burning sensation or pain
• red bumps that may ooze, drain, or crust
• warm, tender skin
• scaly, raw, or thickened skin
• dry, red, or rough skin
• inflammation
• cuts
• rash
The severity of the symptoms should be diagnosed prior to any treatment however as a general rule washing away of allergens with plenty water is recommended.

Maintenance products keep the skin hydrated and repair the damage caused. Protecting the lipid layer of your skin will prevent eczema from aggravating.

Your doctor may recommend prescription-strength ointments or creams if your symptoms are severe.

Recommended products: Dermaveen Moisturizing Lotion, Dermaveen Soap free wash, Oillan Soap, Oillan Multi lipid cream and Oillan Emulsion.
 
Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema)
 
Atopic Dermatitis is a chronic and relapsing, inflammatory skin disease affecting the epidermis and dermis. It is characterised by strong itching in location of lesions. Typical lesion locations are around large joints, backs of hands, feet, neck skin, face and scalp.

Causes of Atopical Dermatitis are still poorly known and many factors remain undiagnosed. However, predisposing factors for the onset of the disease have been diagnosed. These can be divided into two groups:
 
1. Genetic.
  • Risk of the child having the disease is
    30-50%,if both parents have it - the risk of the
    child having it is 50-80%.
2. Environmental
  • Food allergens:
    o Mainly cow’s milk and eggs, other food
       allergens include fish, soybean, wheat and
       peanuts;
    o in approximately 50% of cases symptoms
       disappear with age and maturity of the
       gastrointestinal tract.
  • Allergens in the air:
    o primarily of animal origin (dust mites,
       epidermis) or plant origin (pollen, mould,
       spores);
    o allergy to aeroallergens occurs in 80% of
       children with AD.
  • Bacterial, fungal and viral infections:
    o the greatest threat is 'staphylococcus        aureus'
       (20 times more likely to adhere to
       dry skin than normal skin)
  • Environmental pollution:
    o significant impact - primarily chemical
       compounds from fumes, plastics and
       pesticides.
 
AD is most likely the result of many factors acting simultaneously and, therefore, it is very difficult or even impossible to eliminate the causes of the disease.

The following are crucial in preventing AD from aggravating:
• using emollients (specialist skincare products).
• limiting exposure to aeroallergens (e.g. house dust mite);
• avoiding direct contact with wool, flannel, silk;
• not using detergents and whiteners, using hypoallergenic cosmetics;

Recommended products: Dermaveen Moisturizing Lotion, Dermaveen Soap free wash, Oillan Soap, Oillan Multi lipid cream and Oillan Emulsion.
 
Psorasis
 
When psoriasis appears on the scalp, it is called scalp psoriasis. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, at least 50 percent of those with plaque psoriasis will experience an outbreak on the scalp (AAD, 2012)

The treatment of Scalp psoriasis and body psoraiasis is different due varying thickness of the skin.
 
Scalp psoriasis is common among people who have psoriasis on other parts of the body. It has the same cause, too—an autoimmune problem that sends signals to the skin to produce new cells too quickly. The condition is painful, itchy, and unsightly.

Thankfully, scalp psoriasis is not usually a permanent feature for individuals with psoriasis. It can usually be treated effectively, and careful management of the condition can prevent hair loss, infection, and some discomfort from the condition.

Although not the most painful symptom of scalp psoriasis,
 
• significant dandruff
• The scalp may shed large and silvery scales of skin. (the extra skin cells)
• Noticeable hairloss in some cases.
 
Scratching of the skin should be avoided despite the temptation. Too much rubbing or scratching will inflame the skin and cause bleeding and infection.

Other treatments for scalp psoriasis may include oral medications, corticosteroid injections into the scalp, light treatments, and scale softeners. Scale softeners can help other topical medicines, such as corticosteroid creams, penetrate the psoriasis scales and control the flare-up.

Recommended products: Dermaveen Moisturizing Lotion, Dermaveen Soap free wash, Oillan Scalp Cream Kairfoll, Oillan Soap, Oillan Multi lipid cream and Oillan Emulsion.
 
Cradle Cap
 
Cradle cap is also known as infantile seborrhoeic dermatitis. It is a common ailment that occurs during the first several weeks of life. Excessive work of the sebaceous glands on the child’s skin triggered by mother’s hormone causes the condition. The layer on the skin is dead skin cells combined with dried up excess sebum. In most cases perspiration aids the development of cradle cap and thus keeping the baby correctly covered helps. The condition can be present on a certain part of the scalp or the entire scalp including forehead and eyebrows. The dry scaly skin should not be peeled irrespective of the temptation. The area should not become red or infected.

Recommended products: Oillan Scalp Cream , Oillan Soap
 
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